Tuesday, July 8, 2014

भारतया बौद्धकलाया दसु साँची स्तुप

/fh]g dfgGw/

ef/to\ l;4fy{+ af]lw1fg k|fKt ofgfM wd{rqm k|jt{g ofgflaHoft cn] jy]+t'+ j;kf]nof lgjf{0f lnkf cg qmdzM a'4wd{ Gogfjg . t/ Yj oSj bF ts NogfdRj+ . yL yL sf/0f+ a'4wd{of k|efj ef/to\ Dxf] h'h'+ jgfRjg . yHofMu' Ono\ ;d|f6 czf]s 5Dx cHofMDx h'h' h'ofM ef/tof Oltxf;o\ vg]bo]sMjn u'Dx:of+ ef/to\ GxgfjgfRj+u' a'4wd{oft ef/t hs dv' j :jofM lkg]lkg] ;d:t blIf0f Plzofo\ x] Go+sflan, k'g{hLljt ofgflan . pDx x] ;d|f6 czf]sof kfno\ jof x] ;lqmotfo\ bo]sftMu' 5u" :df/s vM Yj ;fFrLof :t"k .

cjl:ylt

Gxfkf uf}/jdo Oltxf;of ;fIfL h'ofRj+u' Yj ;fFrLof :t"k cfM ef/tof dWo k|b]z /fHoof /fo;]g lhNnfo\ nfMu' 5u" uf+ hs vM . Yj /fHoof /fhwfgL ef]kfn :jofM $^ lsdL pQ/k"j{o\ nfM cn] cgof 5u" dxTjk"0f{ t/ cfMof lrsLrfw+u' zx/ ljlbzf :jofM !) lsdL tfkfM . cgof ;dtn yHofMu' yf;o\ g+ lrsLrfw+u' jfpFu' 8fF8fof BMg] lxl;b"u' alu+rfof by'O cjl:yt h'ofRj+u' Yj :t'k yfo\ ;d'b| :jofM $#$ ld6/of prfOno\ nfM . Yj ;fFrL ljz]if ofgfM ygof pbolu/L u'kmfo\ b"u' wfld{s snfs[ltof sf/0f+ g+ gf+ hfM .

;fFrL wOu' ygof d'Vo :t"k hs dv' . yg nf cHofMu' af}4 :df/st tMyfo\ tMu' x] n"u' b' . plsO dWo] bsno\ k'nf+u' :df/s O{zfk"j{of :j+u"u' ztfAbLof wsfM woftMu' b' cn] yg O{zfof !@u"u' ztfAbLOts Gx"Gx"u' snfs[lt+ 5fo]lkOu' j af}4tLy{:ynof Nofv+ dg"t jofM k"hf k|fy{gf ofo]u' Hof !$)) bF ts lg/Gt/ h'ofRj+u' vg]b' . plsof ln;]+ yg vg]bOu' :df/s t wOu' d]u' lguM :t'kt, %)u" lt ljxf/ jf 5]Fof cj;z]t j Ko+uM :tDeof cjz]ift g+ vM . j Nofv+ Yj If]q x] P]ltxfl;s j k'/ftflTjs If]q wsfM 3f]if0ff ofgftMu' b' .

cfM ygof ljsf;of Oltxf;oft s'n]u' kfo\l5 h'O .

df}o{sfn M
;fFrLof d'Vo :t'koft df}o{sfnof ;d|f6 czf]s+ -nueu @&#–@#^ O{k"_ bo]s]lapu' wfO . j ;d|f6 dh"lgano\ x] 5sM pHh}g jg]t jMu' Ono\ j ljlbzfo\ lbt cn] ygof dxfhgof DXofo\ b]jL jf rGb|ln;] Olxkf oft . j x] b]jLof yfo\ h"u'ln+ ;d|f6 czf]s+ yg Yj :t'k bo]s]lapu' h'Okm' . Oltxf;sf/lklgsy+ y'sof lgdf{0fo\ czf]sof 5Dx dxf/fgL b]jL+ yDx+ /]vb]v ofMu' vM . Yj :t'kof dxTj b"u' vF y'ls+ g+ k|dfl0ft ofM ls czf]sof sfo\ dx]Gb| j DXofo\ ;+3ldqf wd{b"t h'ofM >Lnª\sfo\ jg] GXoM yg jofM nl5 Rjgfj+u' wsfM wfO .

y'lsoft cfMts ef/to\ n"u' bsno\ k'nf+u' NjxFof ;+/rgf wsfM softMu' b' . ;d|f6 czf]s+ a'4of kl/lgjf{0flnkf cl:ywft' tofM bo]sftMu' RofuM dWo] Gxo\uM r}Toof cl:ywft' lnsofM ro\KoåM czf]sr}To bo]sn . Yj sy+ larfM ofo]ano\ ykfo\lh tMhfMu' j czf]sof x] hLjgsfno\ bo]s"u' Yj :t'ko\ g+ a'4of cl:ywft' bOu' ljZjf; ofo]l5+ . y'lsof wfld{s dxTj nf b x] b' . plsof ln;]+ Yj af}4 snfof z'?jft, ljsf; j cGToof 5u' bl;sy+ g+ lwl;nfSs bgfRj+u' b' ug emL;+ ef/tof a'4wd{of ljzfntf j P]ltxfl;s ljsf;qmdof g+ cWoog ofo]km' . Yj Nofv+ g+ ef/tof k'/ftTj, af:t'snfof cWoog ofOlklgu' lg+lt+ tMsy+ dxTjk"0f{ :yn h"jn .

Yj d"nu' :t'kof prfO s';f afx]s %$ lkm6 -!^=$^ dL_ b' . :jo]ano\ t;s+ ;fdfGo vg]b"u' Yj ;+/rgfof ljz]iftf wOu' x] ;fdfGo h'ofM g+ cfsif{s h'ofRjg]u' vM . a'4wd{ d]d]u' wd{ :jofM kfMu' wOu' x] yg O{Zj/ jf BMoft yfo\ dlaOu' h"u'ln+ Yj 5'+ BMuMof ?ko\ lgdf{0f h'ofRj+u' db' . kfnL ;flxToo\ dfnfjg wfM;f :t'koft æy"kÆ woftMu' n'O, u'lsof ;fdfGo cy{ åF h'O . Gxfkf+ Yj a'4of cl:ywft' :jygftMu' rf j NjxFof åF h'O cn] lnkf ltlg y'lsoft BMg+ ckf j Njxt+ l;ofM jfkmo\ kfv]+ ;'/lIft ofo]t ;+/If0f ofgftn h'O . BMuno\ y]+ ue{u[x dbOu' wOu' x] y'lsof ljz]iftf vM . :jlguMof :joDe", af}4, rfalxnof :t'ky]+ y'lsO cHofMu' cn+sf/ j a'4of d'lt{ toftMu' db' . cemg+ ug+ ug+ cg czf]ssfnof a|fDxL lnlk+ 5'+ RjoftMu' clen]v+ cano\of Oltxf; sgfRj+u' b' .

plsofln;]+ yg lguM cHofMu' x] :t'kt g+ b' . lguMu' :t'k 8fFofof cGto\ b' wfM;f :j+u' :t'k hjo\ nfM . y'lsO Gxfkf cu|>fjslk+ ;fl/k'q j df}buNofgof cl:ywft' toftMu' vM t/ lnkf a]nfotL to\;+ yg :osfM plsof cl:ywft' o+sn . lnkf ef/t+ j lntsfo]t yM :jtGq h'Os]dfn .

cy] x] ygof d]u' dxTjk"0f :df/s wOu' yg blIf0f n'vfof gfk+ ygftMu' ;d|f6 czf]sof :tDe vM . oBlk cfM Yj :t+e Tjw'n]w'+sn cn] Sjo\of Aj hs cn y'gftMu' blg . cn] y'lsof BMg] Rj+u' KoDx l;+xof d'lt{ g+ lnjMu'ln+ cg lnSs;+ Rj+u' ;+u|xfnoo\ toftMu' b' . cy];f+ Yj blIf0f Plzofo\ x] a'4wd{ j czf]sof ;fd|fHo Go+u'of bl; vM . y'lsof BMg] Rj+u' KoDx l;+xoft ef/tof HjdnfMu' snfs[ltof ?ko\ sfO . plsofln;]+ yg lsoftMu' ;Gb]zof sf/0f+ g+ Yj dxTjk"0f{ h"u' b' . y'lsO lsoftMu' ;d|f6 czf]sof ;+3of Pstf GXofan]+ NogfRjg]dfn, yy] h'Ou' af+nfM wOu' cfzoof wfk' a'4zf;gof x] cfwf/ h"u'ln+ ljZjof af}4to\t Yj yf}+of lbgo\ g+ pln x] k|]/0ffbfoL h'ofRj+u' b' .

;fFrLof k|frLg gf+ ssgGb, s+s]gjf, ssfGof j sfs0ffj vM t/ y'lsof pNn]v wfM;f cgof clen]vo\ hs l;ldt h'ofRj+u' b', cano\of ;'+ n]vs+ g+ Yj gf+ 5\onftMu' vg]db' . ef/tof a'4wd{of cWoogofqfo\ jMlk+ x'o]g;fª j kmflxofg+ Yj :t'kof pNn]v dofMu'oft Oltxf;sf/to\;+ ch"rfofk"u' vFof ?ko\ softMu' b' . a? >Ln+sfof dxfj+;o\ pNn]v h"u' r]tLolu/L x] ;fFrL vM wsfM Oltxf;sf/to\;+ wfO .

y'lsof gfkgfk+ yg :jof % dLn tfkfSs ;f]gf/L wOu' yf;o\ RofuM af}4 :t'k b' cn] xfg+ & dLn tfkfMu' ef]hk'/of lnSs #&uM af}4 :t'k b' .

z'ª\u sfn M
z'ª\u j+z woflk+ ef/to\ df}o{ j+zof lnkf jMlk+ h'h'lk+ vM . pld;+ ljz]ifofgfM pQ/ ef/to\ O{zfk"j{ !*& lg;]+ O{zfk"j{ &% ts zfzg oft . z'ª\u sfno\, ;fFrL :t'kof ;+/If0f af+nfs h'n . cy] vM;f+ z'ª\u j+zof Gxfkf+Dx h'h' k'ioldq x] ;fFrL :t'kof zq' h"u' vg]bt . O{zfk"j{ lgu"u' ztfAbLO yg ;d|f6 k'ioldq+ Yj :t'koft :o+sfM Wj:t oft , cn] xfg+ jof sfo\ clUgldq+ y'lsoft xfgln+ bo]sn wfO . z'ª\u j+zof clGtd cj:yfo\ ts jMano\ y'lsoft tMsM NXjgfM b'u+l5 tMw+ ofgfM xfg+ NjxFof af/ bo]sn . plsof ln;]+ y'lsof Rjo\ dfy+j+sfM plsof BMg] 5u'lnO d]u' BtgfM :j+u' s';f tn . cn] xfg+ plsoft Kos'+nfSs NjxFof x] af/+ 3]/]oft . ln;]+ yg :t'kof rfsMln+ rfMlxn]u' NjxFof nF g+ Yj x] o'uo\ bo]s]u' Hof h'n . psy+ ;fFrLof :t'kof ;+/If0fo\ z'ª\u h'h'lklgu' of]ubfg b"u' h'n .

;tjfxg sfn M
;fFrLof :t'k Dxl;s]u' wOu' Yj d'Vo :t'kof Kov]/+ Ko+u" lbzfo\ ygftMu' snfTDs Wjfvft vM u'lsoft tf]/0f g+ wfO . Yj tf]/0ft ;tafxg j+zof h'h'lkG;+ toflapu' wsfM wfO . y'lk+ dWo] blIf0fofu' tf]/0f ;ftjfxg h'h' ;tsgL{kfv]+ pkxf/of sy+ jMu' vM .

ljz]if k|sf/of NjxFto\ bo]sftMu' yHofMu' Wjfvf y]+Rj+u' ;+/rgf cano\of pRrsf]6Lof k|:t/snfof gd"gf wsfM snf ;dfnf]rslkG;+ wfO . Yj k|To]s Wjfvfof lguM yf+of BMg] 5u" w'+sfM d]u' wln+of cfs[ltO bo]sf tMu' ;+/rgfo\ lhpyfo\tSs /fh;L j ;fdflhs hLjgz}nLof b[io lsofM 5fo\lkoftMu' b' . yg ljz]ifofgfM hfts syf, a'4of hLjgL, jofu' pkb]z j ln;]+ a'4sfnof d]]d]u' 36gf n'd+sflaOu' ;fdflhs hLjgof lrqt b' . yg dg'ifL a'4, ljZjGt/ hfts, ;'hftf, df/ljho, dxfclelgiqmd0f, zfSoto\t wd{b]zgf, ljlDa;f/ jMu', :t'k k"hf, dfsn+ bfglapu', slknj:t' j+u', af]lwj[If cflbof lrq0f snfTdssy+ h'ofRj+u' b' .

tMyfo\ x] yg a'4of lrq0f h'ofRj+u' b';f+ ygyfo\ ts a'4oft dg"of cfsf/o\ jf JolQm k"hf ofo]u' k|ltdfof ?ko\ wfM;f AjoftMu' vg] db' . pld a'4oft Sog]dfn ls l;4fy{+ b/jf/ TjMt]t uofj+Dx ;n, a'4Tj k|flKtofMu' af]lw l;df j kflnVjfFo\of ?ko\ GXoAjoftMu' vg]b' . y'ls+ y'u' Ono\ ts a'4dfuL{lkG;+ a'4oft k"hf jGbgf ofM;f+ a'4of k|ltdf wfM;f dbo]s"u' jf bo]s]u'oft a'4of ckdfgofo]u' Hof sy+ sfMu' vM wsfM cg'dfg ofo]l5+ . yano\ ts k|d'v af}4 lr+of ?ko\ 5u" rqm cn] jof Rjo\ lq/Tgof k|tLs sy+ lqz'ny]+Rj+u' cfs[ltoft sfO . yHofMu' lr+oft >LjT; lq/Tg wfO cn]] tf]/0fof bsno\ Rjo\ toftMu' vg]b' .

snfkf/vLlkGt ygof tf]/0fof d'Vo cfsif{0f wOu' x/]s tf]/0fof bsno\ Sjo\of wln+of Sj;+ Rj+u' ld;f cfs[ltt vM . y'lsoft zfnel~hsf wfO . gUg jf cw{gUg ld;f cfs[ltoft l;dfsrf Hj+s]u' ef/tLo snfof 5u" cHofu' kIf vM u'lsof rrf{ cflbd sfn+lg;]+ cfMof k/Dk/fut snfo\ ts+ h" . ;fFrLof k"j{o\ Rj+u' tf]/0f Wjfvfo\Rj+u' zfnel~hsf d"lt{oft ljz]if af+nfMu' d"lt{ wsfM wfO . plsof ln;]+ lsl; OToflb hgfj/of ;xh lrq0f cn] ;fdfGo ef/tLo snfln;] HjMdnfMlk+ afdk'8\s]t j d]d]lk+ dg"t, pldu' j;M, afh+ nufotof lrq0f+ yHofMu' Wjfvfo\ o"gfgL snfof k|efj nfMjMu' vg]b' . y'sy+ yg wfld{s j wd{lg/k]If snfof ;dfof]hg h"u' vg]b' .

y'sy+ !@ cf}+ ztfAbLts cg Gx"Gx"u 5'+ 5'+ :df/st tg]u' Hof h'of+Rjg . b'xfF jg]j+ x] Koyfo\ a'4of d"lt{t vgL t/ j d" :t'kof efu dh';] lnkf tgftMu' vg]b' . !& NofMof BMuM wsfM gf+ laoftMu' 5uM BMuMoft u'Kt sfnofu' wsfM cg'dfg ofgftMu' b' . cfM Yj BMuMof Ko+u snfTds yf+ j ue{u[xhs NogfRj+u' blg .

pTvgg\ j ;+/If0f M
lem+lgu"u' ztfAbL lnkf a'n'x'F ljleGg sf/0f+ ef/to\ a'4wd{of k|efj a'n';] RjFRj+ nf]k x] h'ofjg . yg Gx"u' :df/s tg]u' j y'lsof ;+/If0f ofo]u' nf TjMt] yg b"u' yHofMu' dxTjk"0f{ wfld{s :df/so\ dg"t jo]u' ts+ dh'ofjg . y'lsof lnplnp ygof oSj af}4 tLy{:yn, :df/s j d]d]u' k'/ftflTjs :ynt g+ cf]em]no\ nfgfjg . cgof ;dfh ln;] cHofMu' dxTjk"0f{ :ynof 5'+ :jfk" dbofj+ln;] cg jgLlk+ k"hf k|fy{gf ofMjgLlk+ Dxf] h'Ou' g+ :jefljs x] h'n .

lem+u'+u"u' ztfAbLO ts Yj yfo\ yL yL sy+of dg"to\u' gh/o\ nfgfRjg . ;/sf/L :t/+ ;+/If0f dofMu'ln+ yg cJoj;flos j cbIf k'/ftTjljb\to\;+ yL yL Tjx tofM :o+s]u' j yg b'g] tMw+u' vhfgf bOu' cf;+ k6sk6s yg y'g]u' Dx'Ou' Hof ofgfRjg .

;g\ !*!*o\ cgof a]ª\ufg SofeN/Lof hg/n 6]n/+ 5s ;fFrLof e|d0f oft . cano\ ts cgof :df/st cy]eg+ :o+u' jf :o+sftMu' Yo+s dvofRjg . j+ bsno\ Gxfkf+ ;fFrLof :t'kof af/] clen]vg oft . Yj w'+sfM cgof zf}lvg k'/ftTjljb\to\;+ tMsM pTvgg\oft . Yj Hof !**!o\ ts GXofgf x] Rjg . lnkf ;g\ !(!@ lg;]+ !(!(tsof b'g] Yj k|frLg :df/soft ;+/If0f ofgfM cfMof cj:yfo\ Yo+sn . yg n'ofjMu' clts+ dxTjk"0f{ j:t't cg;+ k'/ftflTjs ;+u|xfnoo\ AjoftMu' b' . y'lsof ;+/If0fof d'Vo >]o ;/ hf]g dfz{noft laoftMu' b' . y'lsof x] lnRjM wfo]dfM ;g\  !(*( lg;]+ Yj ;fFrLof :t'k nfufoft o'g]:sf]+ ljZj;Dkbfof wnvo\ b'Yofs"u' b' .

y'sy+ Yj :df/s a'4dfuL{lklgu' tLy{:yn hs dv' ef/tLo j ljZjof x] wd{, snf, af:t'snf j ;dfhzf:qof cWoog ofOlklgu' nflu 5u" cg'kd pbfx/0f h'ofM yf}+ts w:jfgfRj+u' b' . y'ls+ ef/tof a'4wd{of ljsf; j cjlglt u'sy+ h'n wsfM wofRj+u' b' . åMl5 bF ts ef/t+ snf j af:t'snfof Vono\ uHofMu' ljsf; oft wsfM sgfRj+u' b' . y'lsof dxTjoft sofM ;d:t ef/t+ x] uj{ ofgfRj+u' b' wfM;f Yj ef/toft ljZjo\ Dxl;sf laOu' 5u" dfWod g+ h'ofRj+u' b' .

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